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Soil seed bank composition along a gradient from dry alvar grassland to Juniperus shrubland. / Bakker, Jan P.; Bakker, E.S.; Rosen, E.; Verweij, G.L.; Bekker, R.M.

In: Journal of Vegetation Science, Vol. 7, No. 2, 1996, p. 165-176.

Research output: Contribution to journal/periodicalArticleScientificpeer-review

Harvard

Bakker, JP, Bakker, ES, Rosen, E, Verweij, GL & Bekker, RM 1996, 'Soil seed bank composition along a gradient from dry alvar grassland to Juniperus shrubland' Journal of Vegetation Science, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 165-176. https://doi.org/10.2307/3236316

APA

Bakker, J. P., Bakker, E. S., Rosen, E., Verweij, G. L., & Bekker, R. M. (1996). Soil seed bank composition along a gradient from dry alvar grassland to Juniperus shrubland. Journal of Vegetation Science, 7(2), 165-176. https://doi.org/10.2307/3236316

Vancouver

Bakker JP, Bakker ES, Rosen E, Verweij GL, Bekker RM. Soil seed bank composition along a gradient from dry alvar grassland to Juniperus shrubland. Journal of Vegetation Science. 1996;7(2):165-176. https://doi.org/10.2307/3236316

Author

Bakker, Jan P. ; Bakker, E.S. ; Rosen, E. ; Verweij, G.L. ; Bekker, R.M. / Soil seed bank composition along a gradient from dry alvar grassland to Juniperus shrubland. In: Journal of Vegetation Science. 1996 ; Vol. 7, No. 2. pp. 165-176.

BibTeX

@article{228f31a357264ac990b26a69d391054b,
title = "Soil seed bank composition along a gradient from dry alvar grassland to Juniperus shrubland",
abstract = "Dry alvar grasslands on limestone on the Baltic island of Oland, SE Sweden, are very species-rich as long as the traditional agricultural exploitation of grazing and fire wood collection continues. After abandonment, encroachment of Juniperus communis starts and a closed woodland can develop within 100 yr. A chronosequence, representing a successional series, was used for the comparison of sites still grazed, and sites ungrazed for about 20, 55 and 80 yr, respectively. Out of the 58 characteristic dry alvar grassland species 55 {\%} disappeared from the established vegetation after 80 yr of abandoning, and 80 {\%} also vanished from the seed bank. Arenaria serpyllifolia, Trifolium repens, Agrostis vinealis, Linum catharticum, Polygala vulgaris, Cerastium fontanum, Luzula campestris, Achillea millefolium and Potentilla tabernaemontani were the only species left in the seed bank. More than 75 {\%} of the dry alvar grassland species were classified as having a transient or short-term persistent seed bank. It is concluded that restoration management, by cutting junipers, of overgrown dry alvar grassland cannot rely on the longevity of seeds in the soil. Seeds have to be dispersed by wind or grazing animals.",
keywords = "Juniperus communis, seedling, seed longevity, species richness, restoration management, succession, national",
author = "Bakker, {Jan P.} and E.S. Bakker and E. Rosen and G.L. Verweij and R.M. Bekker",
note = "Meeting of the Working-Group-on-Long-Term-Vegetation-Dynamics of the International-Association-for-Vegetation-Science, UNIV GRONINGEN, GRONINGEN, NETHERLANDS, MAY, 1994",
year = "1996",
doi = "10.2307/3236316",
language = "Undefined",
volume = "7",
pages = "165--176",
journal = "Journal of Vegetation Science",
issn = "1100-9233",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Ltd",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Soil seed bank composition along a gradient from dry alvar grassland to Juniperus shrubland

AU - Bakker, Jan P.

AU - Bakker, E.S.

AU - Rosen, E.

AU - Verweij, G.L.

AU - Bekker, R.M.

N1 - Meeting of the Working-Group-on-Long-Term-Vegetation-Dynamics of the International-Association-for-Vegetation-Science, UNIV GRONINGEN, GRONINGEN, NETHERLANDS, MAY, 1994

PY - 1996

Y1 - 1996

N2 - Dry alvar grasslands on limestone on the Baltic island of Oland, SE Sweden, are very species-rich as long as the traditional agricultural exploitation of grazing and fire wood collection continues. After abandonment, encroachment of Juniperus communis starts and a closed woodland can develop within 100 yr. A chronosequence, representing a successional series, was used for the comparison of sites still grazed, and sites ungrazed for about 20, 55 and 80 yr, respectively. Out of the 58 characteristic dry alvar grassland species 55 % disappeared from the established vegetation after 80 yr of abandoning, and 80 % also vanished from the seed bank. Arenaria serpyllifolia, Trifolium repens, Agrostis vinealis, Linum catharticum, Polygala vulgaris, Cerastium fontanum, Luzula campestris, Achillea millefolium and Potentilla tabernaemontani were the only species left in the seed bank. More than 75 % of the dry alvar grassland species were classified as having a transient or short-term persistent seed bank. It is concluded that restoration management, by cutting junipers, of overgrown dry alvar grassland cannot rely on the longevity of seeds in the soil. Seeds have to be dispersed by wind or grazing animals.

AB - Dry alvar grasslands on limestone on the Baltic island of Oland, SE Sweden, are very species-rich as long as the traditional agricultural exploitation of grazing and fire wood collection continues. After abandonment, encroachment of Juniperus communis starts and a closed woodland can develop within 100 yr. A chronosequence, representing a successional series, was used for the comparison of sites still grazed, and sites ungrazed for about 20, 55 and 80 yr, respectively. Out of the 58 characteristic dry alvar grassland species 55 % disappeared from the established vegetation after 80 yr of abandoning, and 80 % also vanished from the seed bank. Arenaria serpyllifolia, Trifolium repens, Agrostis vinealis, Linum catharticum, Polygala vulgaris, Cerastium fontanum, Luzula campestris, Achillea millefolium and Potentilla tabernaemontani were the only species left in the seed bank. More than 75 % of the dry alvar grassland species were classified as having a transient or short-term persistent seed bank. It is concluded that restoration management, by cutting junipers, of overgrown dry alvar grassland cannot rely on the longevity of seeds in the soil. Seeds have to be dispersed by wind or grazing animals.

KW - Juniperus communis

KW - seedling

KW - seed longevity

KW - species richness

KW - restoration management

KW - succession

KW - national

U2 - 10.2307/3236316

DO - 10.2307/3236316

M3 - Article

VL - 7

SP - 165

EP - 176

JO - Journal of Vegetation Science

JF - Journal of Vegetation Science

SN - 1100-9233

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 1000866