Spectrum of Fusarium infections in tropical dermatology evidenced by multilocus sequencing typing diagnostics

Anne D van Diepeningen, Peiying Feng, Sarah Ahmed, Montarop Sudhadham, Sumanas Bunyaratavej, G Sybren de Hoog

    Research output: Contribution to journal/periodicalArticleScientificpeer-review

    62 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Fusarium species are emerging causative agents of superficial, cutaneous and systemic human infections. In a study of the prevalence and genetic diversity of 464 fungal isolates from a dermatological ward in Thailand, 44 strains (9.5%) proved to belong to the genus Fusarium. Species identification was based on sequencing a portion of translation elongation factor 1-alpha (tef1-α), rDNA internal transcribed spacer and RNA-dependent polymerase subunit II (rpb2). Our results revealed that 37 isolates (84%) belonged to the Fusarium solani species complex (FSSC), one strain matched with Fusarium oxysporum (FOSC) complex 33, while six others belonged to the Fusarium incarnatum-equiseti species complex. Within the FSSC two predominant clusters represented Fusarium falciforme and recently described F. keratoplasticum. No gender differences in susceptibility to Fusarium were noted, but infections on the right side of the body prevailed. Eighty-nine per cent of the Fusarium isolates were involved in onychomycosis, while the remaining ones caused paronychia or severe tinea pedis. Comparing literature data, superficial infections by FSSC appear to be prevalent in Asia and Latin America, whereas FOSC is more common in Europe. The available data suggest that Fusarium is a common opportunistic human pathogens in tropical areas and has significant genetic variation worldwide.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)48-57
    Number of pages10
    JournalMycoses
    Volume58
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 2015

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