Compared to the incidence in adults, cryptococcosis is rare among children. We report a case of neurocryptococcosis due to Cryptococcus gattii in a five-year-old girl without identified risk factors living in French Guiana. Neurological surgery in combination with long-term antifungal treatment with amphotericin B and 5-flucytosine successfully resolved the cryptococcal infection. Subsequent molecular characterization of the Cryptococcus isolate revealed that the infection was caused by a C. gattii genotype AFLP6B/VGIIb strain.
- Central Nervous System Fungal Infections/therapy
- Child, Preschool
- Cryptococcus gattii
- French Guiana
- Remission Induction