Sugar catabolism in Aspergillus and other fungi related to the utilization of plant biomass

Claire Khosravi, Tiziano Benocci, Evy Battaglia, Isabelle Benoit, Ronald P de Vries

    Research output: Contribution to journal/periodicalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    Fungi are found in all natural and artificial biotopes and can use highly diverse carbon sources. They play a major role in the global carbon cycle by decomposing plant biomass and this biomass is the main carbon source for many fungi. Plant biomass is composed of cell wall polysaccharides (cellulose, hemicellulose, pectin) and lignin. To degrade cell wall polysaccharides to different monosaccharides, fungi produce a broad range of enzymes with a large variety in activities. Through a series of enzymatic reactions, sugar-specific and central metabolic pathways convert these monosaccharides into energy or metabolic precursors needed for the biosynthesis of biomolecules. This chapter describes the carbon catabolic pathways that are required to efficiently use plant biomass as a carbon source. It will give an overview of the known metabolic pathways in fungi, their interconnections, and the differences between fungal species.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-28
    Number of pages28
    JournalAdvances in Applied Microbiology
    Volume90
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

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