Tdrd1 acts as a molecular scaffold for Piwi proteins and piRNA targets in zebrafish

H.Y. Huang, S. Houwing, L.J. Kaaij, A. Meppelink, S. Redl, S. Gauci, H. Vos, B.W. Draper, C.B. Moens, B. Burgering, P. Ladurner, J. Krijgsveld, E. Berezikov, R.F. Ketting

Research output: Contribution to journal/periodicalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Piwi proteins function in an RNAi-like pathway that silences transposons. Piwi-associated RNAs, also known as piRNAs, act as a guide to identify Piwi targets. The tudor domain-containing protein Tdrd1 has been linked to this pathway but its function has thus far remained unclear. We show that zebrafish Tdrd1 is required for efficient Piwi-pathway activity and proper nuage formation. Furthermore, we find that Tdrd1 binds both zebrafish Piwi proteins, Ziwi and Zili, and reveals sequence specificity in the interaction between Tdrd1 tudor domains and symmetrically dimethylated arginines (sDMAs) in Zili. Finally, we show that Tdrd1 complexes contain piRNAs and RNA molecules that are longer than piRNAs. We name these longer transcripts Tdrd1-associated transcripts (TATs). TATs likely represent cleaved Piwi pathway targets and may serve as piRNA biogenesis intermediates. Altogether, our data suggest that Tdrd1 acts as a molecular scaffold for Piwi proteins, bound through specific tudor domain-sDMA interactions, piRNAs and piRNA targets. [KEYWORDS: Animals, Arginine/analogs & derivatives/metabolism, DNA Transposable Elements/genetics, Female, Macromolecular Substances, Male, Molecular Chaperones/ physiology, Oocytes/metabolism/ultrastructure, Ovary/metabolism, Protein Interaction Mapping, RNA Interference, RNA, Small Interfering/ metabolism, RNA-Binding Proteins/chemistry/ metabolism/ physiology, Subcellular Fractions/metabolism, Testis/metabolism, Transcription, Genetic, Zebrafish/ metabolism, Zebrafish Proteins/chemistry/metab
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3298-3308
JournalEMBO Journal
Volume30
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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