The dimensions and degree of second-generation incorporation in US and European cities: a comparative study of inclusion and exclusion

F.D. Bean, S.K. Brown, J.D. Bachmeier, C.M. Fokkema, L. Lessard-Phillips

Research output: Contribution to journal/periodicalArticleScientificpeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This research compares cities between and within the United States and Europe with respect to their dimensionality and degree of immigrant incorporation. Based on theoretical perspectives about immigrant incorporation, structural differentiation and national incorporation regimes, we hypothesize that more inclusionary (MI) cities will show more dimensions of incorporation and more favorable incorporation outcomes than less inclusionary (LI) places, especially in regard to labor market and spatial variables. We use data from recent major surveys of young adult second-generation groups carried out in Los Angeles, New York, and 11 European cities to assess these ideas. The findings indicate that second-generation immigrants in New York (MI) and in European MI places (i.e. cities in the Netherlands, Sweden and France) show greater dimensionality of incorporation (and thus by implication more pathways of advancement) respectively than is the case in Los Angeles (LI) or in European LI places (i.e. cities in Austria, Germany, and Switzerland). We discuss the significance of these results for understanding how the structures of opportunity confronting immigrants and their children in various places make a difference for the nature and extent of their integration.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-209
JournalInternational Journal of Comparative Sociology
Volume53
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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