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The effect of human settlement on the abundance and community structure of ammonia oxidizers in tropical stream sediments. / Reis, Mariana De Paula; Ávila, Marcelo; Keijzer, Rosalinde Margriet; Barbosa, Francisco Antônio Rodrigues; Chartone-Souza, Edmar; Nascimento, Andréa; Laanbroek, (Riks) H.J.

In: Frontiers in Microbiology, Vol. 6, 00898 , 2015.

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Reis MDP, Ávila M, Keijzer RM, Barbosa FAR, Chartone-Souza E, Nascimento A et al. The effect of human settlement on the abundance and community structure of ammonia oxidizers in tropical stream sediments. Frontiers in Microbiology. 2015;6. 00898 . https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2015.00898

Author

Reis, Mariana De Paula ; Ávila, Marcelo ; Keijzer, Rosalinde Margriet ; Barbosa, Francisco Antônio Rodrigues ; Chartone-Souza, Edmar ; Nascimento, Andréa ; Laanbroek, (Riks) H.J. / The effect of human settlement on the abundance and community structure of ammonia oxidizers in tropical stream sediments. In: Frontiers in Microbiology. 2015 ; Vol. 6.

BibTeX

@article{57930aaf363c4227bac20f6778e34a52,
title = "The effect of human settlement on the abundance and community structure of ammonia oxidizers in tropical stream sediments",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Ammonia-oxidizing archaea (AOA) and ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) are a diverse and functionally important group in the nitrogen cycle. Nevertheless, AOA and AOB communities driving this process remain uncharacterized in tropical freshwater sediment. Here, the effect of human settlement on the AOA and AOB diversity and abundance have been assessed by phylogenetic and quantitative PCR analyses, using archaeal and bacterial amoA and 16S rRNA genes. Overall, each environment contained specific clades of amoA and 16S rRNA genes sequences, suggesting that selective pressures lead to AOA and AOB inhabiting distinct ecological niches. Human settlement activities, as derived from increased metal and mineral nitrogen contents, appear to cause a response among the AOB community, with Nitrosomonas taking advantage over Nitrosospira in impacted environments. We also observed a dominance of AOB over AOA in mining-impacted sediments, suggesting that AOB might be the primary drivers of ammonia oxidation in these sediments. In addition, ammonia concentrations demonstrated to be the driver for the abundance of AOA, with an inversely proportional correlation between them. Our findings also revealed the presence of novel ecotypes of Thaumarchaeota, such as those related to the obligate acidophilic Nitrosotalea devanaterra at ammonia-rich places of circumneutral pH. These data add significant new information regarding AOA and AOB from tropical freshwater sediments, albeit future studies would be required to provide additional insights into the niche differentiation among these microorganisms.",
keywords = "international",
author = "Reis, {Mariana De Paula} and Marcelo {\'A}vila and Keijzer, {Rosalinde Margriet} and Barbosa, {Francisco Ant{\^o}nio Rodrigues} and Edmar Chartone-Souza and Andr{\'e}a Nascimento and Laanbroek, {(Riks) H.J.}",
note = "5970, ME; Data archiving: Data at and property of Departamento de Biologia Geral, Instituto de Ci{\^e}ncias Biol{\'o}gicas, Brazil",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.3389/fmicb.2015.00898",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
journal = "Frontiers in Microbiology",
issn = "1664-302X",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effect of human settlement on the abundance and community structure of ammonia oxidizers in tropical stream sediments

AU - Reis, Mariana De Paula

AU - Ávila, Marcelo

AU - Keijzer, Rosalinde Margriet

AU - Barbosa, Francisco Antônio Rodrigues

AU - Chartone-Souza, Edmar

AU - Nascimento, Andréa

AU - Laanbroek, (Riks) H.J.

N1 - 5970, ME; Data archiving: Data at and property of Departamento de Biologia Geral, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Brazil

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - BACKGROUND: Ammonia-oxidizing archaea (AOA) and ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) are a diverse and functionally important group in the nitrogen cycle. Nevertheless, AOA and AOB communities driving this process remain uncharacterized in tropical freshwater sediment. Here, the effect of human settlement on the AOA and AOB diversity and abundance have been assessed by phylogenetic and quantitative PCR analyses, using archaeal and bacterial amoA and 16S rRNA genes. Overall, each environment contained specific clades of amoA and 16S rRNA genes sequences, suggesting that selective pressures lead to AOA and AOB inhabiting distinct ecological niches. Human settlement activities, as derived from increased metal and mineral nitrogen contents, appear to cause a response among the AOB community, with Nitrosomonas taking advantage over Nitrosospira in impacted environments. We also observed a dominance of AOB over AOA in mining-impacted sediments, suggesting that AOB might be the primary drivers of ammonia oxidation in these sediments. In addition, ammonia concentrations demonstrated to be the driver for the abundance of AOA, with an inversely proportional correlation between them. Our findings also revealed the presence of novel ecotypes of Thaumarchaeota, such as those related to the obligate acidophilic Nitrosotalea devanaterra at ammonia-rich places of circumneutral pH. These data add significant new information regarding AOA and AOB from tropical freshwater sediments, albeit future studies would be required to provide additional insights into the niche differentiation among these microorganisms.

AB - BACKGROUND: Ammonia-oxidizing archaea (AOA) and ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) are a diverse and functionally important group in the nitrogen cycle. Nevertheless, AOA and AOB communities driving this process remain uncharacterized in tropical freshwater sediment. Here, the effect of human settlement on the AOA and AOB diversity and abundance have been assessed by phylogenetic and quantitative PCR analyses, using archaeal and bacterial amoA and 16S rRNA genes. Overall, each environment contained specific clades of amoA and 16S rRNA genes sequences, suggesting that selective pressures lead to AOA and AOB inhabiting distinct ecological niches. Human settlement activities, as derived from increased metal and mineral nitrogen contents, appear to cause a response among the AOB community, with Nitrosomonas taking advantage over Nitrosospira in impacted environments. We also observed a dominance of AOB over AOA in mining-impacted sediments, suggesting that AOB might be the primary drivers of ammonia oxidation in these sediments. In addition, ammonia concentrations demonstrated to be the driver for the abundance of AOA, with an inversely proportional correlation between them. Our findings also revealed the presence of novel ecotypes of Thaumarchaeota, such as those related to the obligate acidophilic Nitrosotalea devanaterra at ammonia-rich places of circumneutral pH. These data add significant new information regarding AOA and AOB from tropical freshwater sediments, albeit future studies would be required to provide additional insights into the niche differentiation among these microorganisms.

KW - international

U2 - 10.3389/fmicb.2015.00898

DO - 10.3389/fmicb.2015.00898

M3 - Article

VL - 6

JO - Frontiers in Microbiology

JF - Frontiers in Microbiology

SN - 1664-302X

M1 - 00898

ER -

ID: 1599487