The effect of remittances on emigration intentions in Egypt, Morocco, and Turkey

H.P. van Dalen, W.G.F. Groenewold, T. Fokkema

Research output: Contribution to journal/periodicalArticleScientificpeer-review


Are remittances determined by altruism or enlightened self-interest, and do they trigger additional migration? In this paper these two questions are examined empirically in relation to data from Egypt, Turkey, and Morocco for households with family members living abroad. It is shown, firstly, that one cannot argue exclusively either for altruism or self-interest as motives, since for each country the data tell a different story and both motives can be identified as driving forces behind remittance behaviour. The general conclusion of this study is that the family ties and the net earnings potential of migrants have stronger effects on the flow of remittances than the net earnings potential of the households in the country of origin. Secondly, because the receipt of remittances has a positive effect on the emigration intentions of household members still living in the country of origin, the receipt of remittances may contribute to new flows of migration, particularly in the case of Morocco. Keywords: remittances; migration; intentions; networks; altruism; self-interest; households; development
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)375-392
JournalPopulation Studies: a journal of demography
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2005


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