This paper aims to expand knowledge on the effects of international migration on parent-adult child relationships. We develop a typology of families, include non-migrant families in the country of origin for comparison, and consider transnational families. Analyses are based on the Turkish 2000 Families Study, using information on adult non-coresident children about their relationships with their parents. Latent class analysis shows four family solidarity types whose prevalence differ across the migrant groups. The proportion of the full-solidarity type is larger and that of the autonomous family type is smaller in first- and second-generation migrant families than in stayer families in Turkey. In transnational families there is less full solidarity and autonomous relationships are more common. All migrant groups display less advice-oriented and more material-oriented support relationships. These results indicate stronger family cohesion in non-transnational migrant families and few changes across migrant generations. Observed differences are not due to composition effects.
- family solidarity