Towards an integration of biodiversity-ecosystem functioning and food web theory to evaluate relationships between multiple ecosystem services

Jes Hines, W.H. van der Putten, G.B. De Deyn, Cameron Wagg, Winfried Voigt, Christian Mulder, Wolfgang W. Weisser, Jan Engel, Carlos Melian, Stefan Scheu, Klaus Birkhofer, Anne Ebeling, Christoph Scherber, Nico Eisenhauer

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Abstract

Ecosystem responses to changes in species diversity are often studied individually. However, changes in species diversity can simultaneously influence multiple interdependent ecosystem functions. Therefore, an important challenge is to determine when and how changes in species diversity that influence one function will also drive changes in other functions. By providing the underlying structure of species interactions, ecological networks can quantify connections between biodiversity and multiple ecosystem functions. Here, we review parallels in the conceptual development of biodiversity–ecosystem functioning (BEF) and food web theory (FWT) research. Subsequently, we evaluate three common principles that unite these two research areas by explaining the patterns, concentrations, and direction of the flux of nutrients and energy through the species in diverse interaction webs. We give examples of combined BEF–FWT approaches that can be used to identify vulnerable species and habitats and to evaluate links that drive trade-offs between multiple ecosystems functions. These combined approaches reflect promising trends towards better management of biodiversity in landscapes that provide essential ecosystem services supporting human well-being.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Ecological Research
Subtitle of host publicationEcosystem Services — From Biodiversity to Society, Part 1
PublisherElsevier B.V.
Pages161-199
Volume53
EditionChapter four
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Publication series

NameAdvances in Ecological Research
Volume53

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    Hines, J., van der Putten, W. H., De Deyn, G. B., Wagg, C., Voigt, W., Mulder, C., Weisser, W. W., Engel, J., Melian, C., Scheu, S., Birkhofer, K., Ebeling, A., Scherber, C., & Eisenhauer, N. (2015). Towards an integration of biodiversity-ecosystem functioning and food web theory to evaluate relationships between multiple ecosystem services. In Advances in Ecological Research: Ecosystem Services — From Biodiversity to Society, Part 1 (Chapter four ed., Vol. 53, pp. 161-199). (Advances in Ecological Research; Vol. 53). Elsevier B.V.. https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.aecr.2015.09.001