Translation and Validation of the Volunteer Functions Inventory (VFI) among the General Dutch Older Population

Jacobien Niebuur, A.C. Liefbroer, N. Steverink, N. Smidt

Research output: Contribution to journal/periodicalArticleScientificpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
78 Downloads (Pure)


Improvement of volunteering rates in the Netherlands is important because increased productivity among older adults would contribute to societal sustainability in the light of population aging. Therefore, a better understanding of volunteer motivations of Dutch older adults is needed. The Volunteer Functions Inventory (VFI) for assessing volunteer motivations has good psychometric properties and is adapted to several languages, but no validated Dutch translation yet exists. The aim of the current study is to validate the VFI for use in the Dutch older population (60 years and over). The Dutch-translated VFI (6 scales, 30 items) is included in the Lifelines ‘Daily Activities and Leisure Activities add-on Study’, which was distributed among participants aged 60 to 80. Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) are performed to assess the validity of the translated VFI. Internal consistency is assessed by computing Cronbach’s α’s. Results of the EFA (N = 4208) point towards a six-factor solution with a nearly perfectly clean structure. Deletion of three problematic items results in a clean factor structure. CFA results indicate moderate model fit (RMSEA = 0.06, CFI = 0.90, TLI = 0.89). Cronbach’s α’s (0.78 to 0.85) indicate good internal consistency. Goodness-of-fit indices are sufficient and comparable to those obtained in the validation of the original VFI. The current study provides support for use of the Dutch-translation of the VFI (6 scales, 27 items) to assess volunteer motivations among Dutch volunteers aged 60 years and over.
Original languageEnglish
Article number3106
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number17
Early online date26 Aug 2019
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019


  • voluntary work
  • volunteer functions inventory
  • motivations
  • cross-cultural
  • older adults


Dive into the research topics of 'Translation and Validation of the Volunteer Functions Inventory (VFI) among the General Dutch Older Population'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this