Ubutabera: Facts and case files from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR)

Thijs Bastiaan Bouwknegt, Hannah van der Heijde

Research output: Working paper/discussion paperOnline paperScientific

Abstract

Twenty-two years ago, immediately after the genocide in Rwanda, the United Nations set up the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (UN/ICTR). In December 2015, the Appeals Chamber rendered the tribunal’s last decision in the case of the ‘Butare 6’. Meanwhile, some ‘residual’ work has been taken over by the UN’s Mechanism for International Criminal Tribunals (MICT-Arusha), such as tracking down remaining fugitives, handling post-trial issues and the preservation of archives. Here we present the first factual overview of the 75 accused, the 52 cases (including contempt cases) and underlying details concerning the charges, the 59 convictions and the 14 acquittals. Among other things, the overview offers valuable insight into the background of the accused: they included politicians, interim government members, local politicians, military, para-military units (Interahamwe), police officers, businessmen, journalists, academics, clergy, a prosecutor, a medical doctor and a singer. Fifty-two of them were found guilty of either genocide, incitement to commit genocide, complicity in genocide or conspiracy to commit genocide (post-April 1994). A majority was also convicted for crimes against humanity and/or war crimes, while 43 defendants were convicted for rape or other acts of sexual violence.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages125
Publication statusPublished - 04 Jan 2017

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