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Phytoplanktonic primary production was measured during the SE monsoon in June-July and during the intermonsoon period in November-December 1992. Primary production was highest on the northernmost transect during the SE monsoon, whereas during the intermonsoon it was highest on the southernmost transect. In general primary production was higher during the intermonsoon, and highest productivity was measured along the southern coast of Kenya. The more stable hydrodynamical conditions during the intermonsoon period promoted the occurrence of the nitrogen- fixing cyanobacterium Trichodesmium, primarily at the shallower stations. Nitrogen fixation assays suggested that this cyanobacterium was responsible for most of the new production. Comparison between net primary productivity, bacterial productivity and benthic respiration suggests that rates of primary production should be higher than measured, implying that primary production can be as high as that in tropical upwelling systems, despite the fact that a regular and well- developed upwelling period does not always seem to occur. [KEYWORDS: Eastern banda sea; light; growth; photosynthesis indonesia; nitrogen; estuary; ocean]
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1195-1212
JournalDeep Sea Research Part II-Topical Studies in Oceanography
Issue number6-7
StatePublished - 1997

ID: 104087