• J. Fiedler
  • V. Jazbutyte
  • B.C. Kirchmaier
  • S.K. Gupta
  • J. Lorenzen
  • D. Hartmann
  • P. Galuppo
  • S. Kneitz
  • J. Pena
  • C. Sohn-Lee
  • X. Loyer
  • J. Soutschek
  • T. Brand
  • T. Tuschl
  • J. Heineke
  • U. Martin
  • G. Ertl
  • S. Engelhardt
  • J. Bauersachs
  • T. Thum
BACKGROUND: Myocardial infarction leads to cardiac remodeling and development of heart failure. Insufficient myocardial capillary density after myocardial infarction has been identified as a critical event in this process, although the underlying mechanisms of cardiac angiogenesis are mechanistically not well understood. METHODS AND RESULTS: Here, we show that the small noncoding RNA microRNA-24 (miR-24) is enriched in cardiac endothelial cells and considerably upregulated after cardiac ischemia. MiR-24 induces endothelial cell apoptosis, abolishes endothelial capillary network formation on Matrigel, and inhibits cell sprouting from endothelial spheroids. These effects are mediated through targeting of the endothelium-enriched transcription factor GATA2 and the p21-activated kinase PAK4, which were identified by bioinformatic predictions and validated by luciferase gene reporter assays. Respective downstream signaling cascades involving phosphorylated BAD (Bcl-XL/Bcl-2-associated death promoter) and Sirtuin1 were identified by transcriptome, protein arrays, and chromatin immunoprecipitation analyses. Overexpression of miR-24 or silencing of its targets significantly impaired angiogenesis in zebrafish embryos. Blocking of endothelial miR-24 limited myocardial infarct size of mice via prevention of endothelial apoptosis and enhancement of vascularity, which led to preserved cardiac function and survival. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that miR-24 acts as a critical regulator of endothelial cell apoptosis and angiogenesis and is suitable for therapeutic intervention in the setting of ischemic heart disease. [KEYWORDS: Animals, Apoptosis/drug effects, Arterioles/pathology, Capillaries/pathology, Cell Hypoxia, Cells, Cultured/drug effects/metabolism, Collagen, Drug Combinations, Drug Evaluation, Preclinical, Endothelial Cells/ metabolism/pathology, GATA2 Transcription Factor/biosynthesis/genetics, Gene Expression Profiling, Heart Failure/etiology, Heme Oxygenase-1/biosynthesis/genetics, Laminin, Male, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, MicroRNAs/antagonists & inhibitors/genetics/ physiology, Myocardial Infarc
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)720-730
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2011

ID: 279033