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A method was developed for measurement of active oxygen production in embryonic stages of the brown seaweed Fucus spiralis. using the label CM-DCFH-DA. Active oxygen species convert the label into the green fluorescent CM-DCF (exc/em 488/530 nm) that is detected via confocal laserscan microscopy and quantitative image analysis. Loading of the label did not harm the embryos; loading efficiency was age-independent, and the esterases needed for conversion to CM-DCFH were not inhibited by the effective UV dose (2 W m(-2)) applied in the experiments. After correction for daily valiation of the laser power, and calibration with DCF standard solutions, this automated analysis of confocal images rendered active oxygen concentrations in fucoid embryos (muM DCF). An experiment was designed for the assessment of active oxygen production following irradiance stress in the light-sensitive embryos. Dim-light-acclimated, 1-, 2- and 3-day-old embryos were transferred for 60 min to conditions (4 pi -irradiance 300 mu mol photons m(-2) s(-1)), optionally without UV radiation, including UVA, or including UVA plus UVB. PSII yield measurements (PAM fluorometer) were carried out in order to assess the degree of photoinhibition under these light conditions. The imposed light stress initially caused a rapid decrease of the PSII yields (Phi (P)). With increasing embryo age, minimum Phi (P) values attained under light stress remained higher. Consequently, electron transport rates (ETR) would increase with embryo age, i.e., with the development of their photosynthetic apparatus. Active oxygen production increased with ETR, and when WE was included, relatively greater amounts of active oxygen were produced. A slow, second- phase decrease of Phi (P) under light stress that was proportional to active oxygen production indicated that some photooxidative damage was caused, in particular during UVB exposure. Recovery from light stress was a rapid process in the absence of UVB; in such cases Phi (P) was almost restored to the initial values within 60 min. The relative state of recovery of Phi (P) was correlated with both the effective UV dose and active oxygen production rate (DCF). Recovery was slowest in embryos exposed for 60 min to an experimental UVB dose, which was representative of a situation at low tide, on a sunny day. The results suggest that active oxygen may cause an in situ inhibition of growth of the earliest life stages of F. spiralis. [KEYWORDS: Ultraviolet-b radiation; free-radical production; chlorella-vulgaris; oxygen production; uv-b; chlorophyll fluorescence; hydroxyl radicals; active oxygen; photoinhibition; plants]
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)763-774
JournalMarine Biology
Issue number5-6
StatePublished - 2000

ID: 279223