Trichosporon species have been reported as emerging pathogens and usually occur in severely immunocompromised patients. In the present work, 27 clinical isolates of Trichosporon species were recovered from 27 patients. The patients were not immunocompromised, except for one with acute myeloid leukemia. Sequence analysis revealed the isolation of Trichosporon dohaense Taj-Aldeen, Meis & Boekhout sp. nov., with CBS 10761(T) as the holotype strain, belonging to the Ovoides clade. In the D1-D2 large-subunit rRNA gene analysis, T. dohaense is a sister species to T. coremiiforme, and in the internal transcribed spacer analysis, the species is basal to the other species of this clade. Molecular identification of the strains yielded 17 T. asahii, 3 T. inkin, 2 T. japonicum, 2 T. faecale, and 3 T. dohaense isolates. The former four species exhibited low MICs for five antifungal azoles but showed high MICs for amphotericin B. T. dohaense demonstrated the lowest amphotericin B MIC (1 mg/liter). For the majority of T. asahii isolates, amphotericin B MICs were high (MIC at which 90% of isolates were inhibited [MIC(90)], > or = 16 mg/liter), and except for fluconazole (MIC(90), 8 mg/liter), the azole MICs were low: MIC(90)s were 0.5 mg/liter for itraconazole, 0.25 mg/liter for voriconazole, 0.25 mg/liter for posaconazole, and 0.125 mg/liter for isavuconazole. The echinocandins, caspofungin and anidulafungin, demonstrated no activity against Trichosporon species.