• M.P. Verzi
  • P. Hatzis
  • R. Sulahian
  • J. Philips
  • J. Schuijers
  • H.D. Shin
  • E. Freed
  • J.P. Lynch
  • D.T. Dang
  • M. Brown
  • H. Clevers
  • X.S. Liu
  • R.A. Shivdasani
Surprisingly few pathways signal between cells, raising questions about mechanisms for tissue-specific responses. In particular, Wnt ligands signal in many mammalian tissues, including the intestinal epithelium, where constitutive signaling causes cancer. Genome-wide analysis of DNA cis-regulatory regions bound by the intestine-restricted transcription factor CDX2 in colonic cells uncovered highly significant overrepresentation of sequences that bind TCF4, a transcriptional effector of intestinal Wnt signaling. Chromatin immunoprecipitation confirmed TCF4 occupancy at most such sites and co-occupancy of CDX2 and TCF4 across short distances. A region spanning the single nucleotide polymorphism rs6983267, which lies within a MYC enhancer and confers colorectal cancer risk in humans, represented one of many co-occupied sites. Co-occupancy correlated with intestine-specific gene expression and CDX2 loss reduced TCF4 binding. These results implicate CDX2 in directing TCF4 binding in intestinal cells. Co-occupancy of regulatory regions by signal-effector and tissue-restricted transcription factors may represent a general mechanism for ubiquitous signaling pathways to achieve tissue-specific outcomes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15157-15162
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number34
StatePublished - 2010

ID: 221772