War-related excess mortality in The Netherlands, 1944–45: New estimates of famine- and non-famine-related deaths from national death records

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Abstract

Despite there being several estimates for famine-related deaths in the west of The Netherlands during the last stage of World War II, no such information exists for war-related excess mortality among the civilian population from other areas of the country. Previously unavailable data files from Statistics Netherlands allow researchers to estimate the number of war-related excess deaths during the last stage of the war in the whole country. This study uses a seasonal-adjusted mortality model combined with a difference-in-difference approach to estimate the number of excess deaths in the period between January 1944 and July 1945 at a total of close to 91,000 (75%) excess deaths. Almost half of all war-related excess mortality during the last year of the war occurred outside the west.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-128
JournalHistorical Methods: A Journal of Quantitative and Interdisciplinary History
Volume50
Issue number2
Early online date17 Feb 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2017

Keywords

  • ssci
  • excess mortality
  • famine
  • estimation
  • World War II
  • The Netherlands

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