Wave attenuation by two contrasting ecosystem engineering salt marsh macrophytes in the intertidal pioneer zone

T. Ysebaert, S.L. Yang, L. Zhang, Q. He, T.J. Bouma, P.M.J. Herman

    Research output: Contribution to journal/periodicalArticleScientificpeer-review

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    Abstract

    Tidal wetlands play an important role in dissipating hydrodynamic energy. Wave attenuation in vegetation depends on plant characteristics, as well as on hydrodynamic conditions. In the pioneer zone of salt marshes, species co-occur that differ widely in their growth strategies, and it is anticipated that these species act differently on incoming waves. In this field study we investigated, under different hydrodynamic forcing and tidal inundation levels, the wave attenuating capacity of two contrasting pioneer salt marsh species that co-occur in the Yangtze estuary, China. Our study shows that vegetation can reduce wave heights up to 80% over a relatively short distance (
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1043-1054
    JournalWetlands
    Volume31
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2011

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