Xenopus egg extract: A powerful tool to study genome maintenance mechanisms

Wouter S Hoogenboom, Daisy Klein Douwel, Puck Knipscheer

Research output: Contribution to journal/periodicalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

DNA repair pathways are crucial to maintain the integrity of our genome and prevent genetic diseases such as cancer. There are many different types of DNA damage and specific DNA repair mechanisms have evolved to deal with these lesions. In addition to these repair pathways there is an extensive signaling network that regulates processes important for repair, such as cell cycle control and transcription. Despite extensive research, DNA damage repair and signaling are not fully understood. In vitro systems such as the Xenopus egg extract system, have played, and still play, an important role in deciphering the molecular details of these processes. Xenopus laevis egg extracts contain all factors required to efficiently perform DNA repair outside a cell, using mechanisms conserved in humans. These extracts have been used to study several genome maintenance pathways, including mismatch repair, non-homologous end joining, ICL repair, DNA damage checkpoint activation, and replication fork stability. Here we describe how the Xenopus egg extract system, in combination with specifically designed DNA templates, contributed to our detailed understanding of these pathways.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)300-309
Number of pages10
JournalDevelopmental Biology
Volume428
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2017

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Cell Fractionation
  • DNA Damage
  • DNA Repair
  • DNA Replication
  • Female
  • Genome
  • Models, Genetic
  • Ovum
  • Signal Transduction
  • Xenopus laevis
  • Journal Article
  • Review
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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