Yeast culture collections in the twenty-first century: new opportunities and challenges

Kyria L. Boundy-Mills, Ewald Glantschnig, Ian N. Roberts, Andrey Yurkov, Serge Casaregola, Heide-Marie Daniel, Marizeth Groenewald, Benedetta Turchetti

    Research output: Contribution to journal/periodicalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    The twenty-first century has brought new opportunities and challenges to yeast culture collections, whether they are long-standing or recently established. Basic functions such as archiving, characterizing and distributing yeasts continue, but with expanded responsibilities and emerging opportunities. In addition to a number of well-known, large public repositories, there are dozens of smaller public collections that differ in the range of species and strains preserved, field of emphasis and services offered. Several collections have converted their catalogues to comprehensive databases and synchronize them continuously through public services, making it easier for users worldwide to locate a suitable source for specific yeast strains and the data associated with these yeasts. In-house research such as yeast taxonomy continues to be important at culture collections. Because yeast culture collections preserve a broad diversity of species and strains within a species, they are able to make discoveries in many other areas as well, such as biotechnology, functional, comparative and evolution genomics, bioprocesses and novel products. Due to the implementation of the Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD) and the Nagoya Protocol (NP), there are new requirements for both depositors and users to ensure that yeasts were collected following proper procedures and to guarantee that the country of origin will be considered if benefits arise from a yeast's utilization. Intellectual property rights (IPRs) are extremely relevant to the current access and benefit-sharing (ABS) mechanisms; most research and development involving genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge will be subject to this topic.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)243-260
    Number of pages18
    JournalYeast (Chichester, England)
    Volume33
    Issue number7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2016

    Keywords

    • yeasts
    • culture collection
    • Convention of Biological Diversity
    • Nagoya Protocol
    • yeast biotechnology

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