The use of the nuclear-DNA re-association technique has led taxonomists to consider Saccharomyces uvarum a synonym of S. bayanus. The latter, however, is not a species but a hybrid harbouring S. eubayanus (Seu) and S. uvarum (Su) sub-genomes with a minor DNA contribution from S. cerevisiae (Sc). To recognize genetically pure lines of S. uvarum and putative interspecies hybrids among so-called S. bayanus strains present in public culture collections, we propose the use of four markers that were defined from the S. bayanus CBS 380T composite genome, namely SeuNTS2 (rDNA), ScMAL31, MTY1 and SuMEL1. S. carlsbergensis CBS 1513 was found similar to S. bayanus except that it carries the SeuMEL1 allele. Different marker combinations revealed that among 33 strains examined only few strains were similar to CBS 380T, but many pure S. uvarum lines and putative Su/Seu-related hybrids occurred. Our results demonstrated that these hybrids were erroneously considered authentic S. bayanus and therefore the varietal state "Saccharomyces bayanus var. uvarum comb. nov. Naumov" is not valid. Our markers constitute a tool to get insights into the genomic makeup of Saccharomyces interspecies hybrids. We also make a proposal to name those hybrids that may also be applicable to other fungal hybrids.
|Originele taal-2||Niet gedefinieerd|
|Tijdschrift||FEMS Yeast Research|
|Status||Gepubliceerd - 01 mrt. 2017|