Chinese National Income, ca. 1661–1933

Yi XU, Zhihong Shi, Bas van Leeuwen, Yuping Ni, Zipeng Zhang, Ye Ma

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In recent decades, national income has become increasingly important as a measure of a nation’s economic health. In this study, we used a wide array of primary and secondary sources to arrive at values of the Chinese per capita gross domestic product (GDP) during the period of 1661–1933. We found a persistent decline in the per capita GDP between the 17th and 19th centuries, followed by a period of stagnation. This pattern, which shows up in many Asian countries, with the exception of Japan, provides a basis for improving our understanding of the patterns of global economic convergence and divergence.
Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)368
Aantal pagina's393
TijdschriftAustralian Economic History Review
Nummer van het tijdschrift3
StatusGepubliceerd - 2017


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  • Chinese National Income, ca. 1661–1933

    van Leeuwen, B., 2015, (MPRA Working Paper; nr. 70873).

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