Closing innovation gaps in Europe: Policy options towards further integration of the EU-13 in the ERA

Edwin Horlings, B. van der Meulen, I. Geesink, Leonhard Hennen, Michal Pazour, Vladimir Albrecht

Onderzoeksoutput: Boek/RapportRapportProfessioneel

Samenvatting

Investing in research is considered essential for achieving smart, sustainable and inclusive growth and jobs in Europe. The Framework Programme is the EU’s primary instrument for the creation of the European Research Area. The FPs are expected to produce European added value, so the principle of “juste retour” does not apply here. Research needs to be of the highest quality, produced in international collaboration and selected on a competitive basis. Under such conditions, uneven participation is unavoidable. However, FP participation appears to be biased against an entire region of the EU. After almost twenty years of access to the opportunities of the FPs, the EU-13 still lags behind the EU-15. Moreover, the knowledge that is produced needs to be applied in national contexts, and the FPs also aim to increase cohesion and promote social responsibility. This is why uneven participation is an issue pertaining to the achievement of the higher objectives of the EU FPs as such.
The aim of this study is to explore, identify and enlighten reasons for the low participation and success rate of EU-13 countries, in order to improve their future performance in Horizon 2020 and FP9. Combination of methods to achieve this aim was used. The study includes an extensive literature review on various aspects of participation of EU-13 in FPs, comprehensive data analysis to empirically test a number of hypotheses regarding the origins of low participation and success rates of EU-13 countries in FP7 and H2020, on-line survey among public research institutions, universities, and business enterprises, and interviews with policy-makers.
Our results point in the direction of possible solutions. Some solutions will be the responsibility of each Member State government. The EU needs to take action where low participation is caused by the design and governance of the FPs as well as where patterns of participation that have emerged over time and have now become self-reinforcing create barriers of entry.
Originele taal-2Engels
StatusGepubliceerd - jan 2018

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