L-Cell Differentiation Is Induced by Bile Acids Through GPBAR1 and Paracrine GLP-1 and Serotonin Signaling

Mari Lilith Lund, Giovanni Sorrentino, Kristoffer Lihme Egerod, Chantal Kroone, Brynjulf Mortensen, Filip Krag Knop, Frank Reimann, Fiona M Gribble, Daniel J Drucker, Eelco J P de Koning, Kristina Schoonjans, Fredrik Bäckhed, Thue W Schwartz, Natalia Petersen

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan wetenschappelijk tijdschrift/periodieke uitgaveArtikelWetenschappelijkpeer review

Samenvatting

Glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) mimetics are effective drugs for treatment of type 2 diabetes, and there is consequently extensive interest in increasing endogenous GLP-1 secretion and L-cell abundance. Here we identify G-protein-coupled bile acid receptor 1 (GPBAR1) as a selective regulator of intestinal L-cell differentiation. Lithocholic acid and the synthetic GPBAR1 agonist, L3740, selectively increased L-cell density in mouse and human intestinal organoids and elevated GLP-1 secretory capacity. L3740 induced expression of Gcg and transcription factors Ngn3 and NeuroD1 L3740 also increased the L-cell number and GLP-1 levels and improved glucose tolerance in vivo. Further mechanistic examination revealed that the effect of L3740 on L cells required intact GLP-1 receptor and serotonin 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 4 (5-HT4) signaling. Importantly, serotonin signaling through 5-HT4 mimicked the effects of L3740, acting downstream of GLP-1. Thus, GPBAR1 agonists and other powerful GLP-1 secretagogues facilitate L-cell differentiation through a paracrine GLP-1-dependent and serotonin-mediated mechanism.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)614-623
Aantal pagina's10
TijdschriftDiabetes
Volume69
Nummer van het tijdschrift4
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - apr 2020

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  • Citeer dit

    Lund, M. L., Sorrentino, G., Egerod, K. L., Kroone, C., Mortensen, B., Knop, F. K., Reimann, F., Gribble, F. M., Drucker, D. J., de Koning, E. J. P., Schoonjans, K., Bäckhed, F., Schwartz, T. W., & Petersen, N. (2020). L-Cell Differentiation Is Induced by Bile Acids Through GPBAR1 and Paracrine GLP-1 and Serotonin Signaling. Diabetes, 69(4), 614-623. https://doi.org/10.2337/db19-0764