Microbial trait-based approaches for agroecosystems

Sascha Krause* (Co-auteur), S.A. Bertilsson, Hans-Peter Grossart, Paul Bodelier, Peter M. van Bodegom, J.T. Lennon, Laurent Philippot, X. Le Roux

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

Onderzoeksoutput: Hoofdstuk in boek/boekdeelHoofdstukWetenschappelijkpeer review

3 Citaten (Scopus)
15 Downloads (Pure)

Samenvatting

Conventional agricultural practices negatively impact soil biodiversity, carbon stocks, and greenhouse gas emissions in ways that make them unsustainable for supporting future supply of food and fiber. Better management of agrobiodiversity will likely play a critical role in transitioning toward more sustainable practices. In particular, innovation and developments targeting the aboveground and belowground components of agroecosystems should be informed by frameworks and approaches that harness the—in particular functional—diversity of complex microbial communities. Here, we review and discuss microbial trait-based approaches that will help us understand and steer agroecosystem functioning in the face of global change. We highlight how trait-based approaches can improve agricultural practices related to soil functioning (e.g., soil fertility and aggregation); climate regulation (e.g., carbon storage and greenhouse gas emissions) and adaptation to climate change; plant health; and reduction of contaminant-related hazards for human health. We also consider how microbial trait-based approaches can be used as a tool to improve cultivated plant performance through artificial selection and microbiome engineering. Last, we discuss the inherent obstacles associated with the development and implementation of trait-based approaches owing to strong interactions within microbial communities and linkages between plants and the soil environment. Despite these obstacles, microbial trait-based approaches hold promise for the sustainable management of agricultural ecosystems needed to feed and nourish a rapidly growing human population.
Originele taal-2Engels
TitelAdvances in Agronomy
RedacteurenDonald L. Sparks
Hoofdstuk4
Pagina's259-299
Aantal pagina's41
Volume175
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 2022

Publicatie series

NaamAdvances in Agronomy
UitgeverijAcademic Press

Vingerafdruk

Duik in de onderzoeksthema's van 'Microbial trait-based approaches for agroecosystems'. Samen vormen ze een unieke vingerafdruk.

Citeer dit