Molecular Diagnostics of Arthroconidial Yeasts, Frequent Pulmonary Opportunists

Engin Kaplan, Abdullah M S Al-Hatmi, Macit Ilkit, A H G Gerrits van den Ende, Ferry Hagen, Jacques F Meis, G Sybren de Hoog

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan wetenschappelijk tijdschrift/periodieke uitgaveArtikelWetenschappelijkpeer review

29 Citaten (Scopus)


Magnusiomyces capitatus and Saprochaete clavata are members of the clade of arthroconidial yeasts that represent emerging opportunistic pulmonary pathogens in immunocompromised patients. Given that standard ribosomal DNA (rDNA) identification often provides confusing results, in this study, we analyzed 34 isolates with the goal of finding new genetic markers for classification using multilocus sequencing and amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP). The interspecific similarity obtained using rDNA markers (the internal transcribed spacer [ITS] and large subunit regions) was in the range of 96 to 99%, whereas that obtained using protein-coding loci (Rbp2, Act, and Tef1α) was lower at 89.4 to 95.2%. Ultimately, Rbp2 was selected as the best marker for species distinction. On the basis of cloned ITS data, some strains proved to be misidentified in comparison with the identities obtained with phenotypic characters, protein sequences, and AFLP profiles, indicating that different copies of the ribosomal operon were present in a single species. Antifungal susceptibility testing revealed that voriconazole had the lowest MIC against M. capitatus, while amphotericin B had the lowest MIC against S. clavata Both species exhibited in vitro resistance to fluconazole and micafungin.

Originele taal-2Engels
TijdschriftJournal of Clinical Microbiology
Nummer van het tijdschrift1
StatusGepubliceerd - jan. 2018


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