Directional migration of neurons and neuronal precursor cells is a central process in nervous system development. In the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, the two Q neuroblasts polarize and migrate in opposite directions along the anteroposterior body axis. Several key regulators of Q cell polarization have been identified, including MIG-21, DPY-19/DPY19L1, the netrin receptor UNC-40/DCC, the Fat-like cadherin CDH-4 and CDH-3/Fat, which we describe in this study. How these different transmembrane proteins act together to direct Q neuroblast polarization and migration is still largely unknown. Here, we demonstrate that MIG-21 and DPY-19, CDH-3 and CDH-4, and UNC-40 define three distinct pathways that have partially redundant roles in protrusion formation, but also separate functions in regulating protrusion direction. Moreover, we show that the MIG-21, DPY-19 and Fat-like cadherin pathways control the localization and clustering of UNC-40 at the leading edge of the polarizing Q neuroblast, and that this is independent of the UNC-40 ligands UNC-6/netrin and MADD-4. Our results provide insight into a novel mechanism for ligand-independent localization of UNC-40 that directs the activity of UNC-40 along the anteroposterior axis.