Real Wages since 1820

Pim de Zwart, Bas van Leeuwen, Jieli Li

Onderzoeksoutput: Hoofdstuk in boek/boekdeelHoofdstukWetenschappelijkpeer review

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Wages are an important element of well-being, as they directly affect material living conditions. This chapter describes trends in real wages since 1820 for a wide set of countries derived with a standardized method that allows for comparisons over time and space. The main indicator is based on the real wage of an unskilled male labourer in the building industry. Its derivation is based on data on nominal wages adjusted by the price of a subsistence basket of goods. Strengths and weaknesses of this method are discussed. It is found that during the first half of the 19th century, real wages in large parts of the world were barely above subsistence, except for parts of Western Europe and in particular in the Western Offshoots. As in the case of GDP per capita, cross-country differences in real wages increased rapidly since 1820, and diminished in the late 20th century.
Originele taal-2Engels
TitelHow Was Life? Global Well-Being Since 1820
RedacteurenJan Luiten van Zanden, Joerg Baten, Auke Rijpma, Marco Mira D'Ercole, Marcel Timmer, Conal Smith
Plaats van productieParis
UitgeverijOECD Publishing
ISBN van elektronische versie9789264214262
ISBN van geprinte versie9789264214064
StatusGepubliceerd - 2014


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