Vanishing voices from Russia & Eastern Europe

T. de Graaf (Ontwikkelaar)

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These recordings were digitised as part of the Endangered Archives Programme (EAP) project EAP347: ‘Vanishing voices from the Uralic world: sound recordings for archives in Russia (in particular Udmurtia), Estonia, Finland and Hungary’. The project digitised sound collections from the Uralic speaking world housed at the Udmurt Institute for History, Language and Literature, with most recordings originating from Udmurtia, Russia and the surrounding region.

For these recordings collectors used tape-recorders with different speed (from 2.38 sm/sec (15/17 ips) – 19.05 sm/sek (7½ ips), produced in the Soviet Union. The quality of some of these recording is quite poor. Among the collections there are recordings which belonged to the well-known Udmurt ethnographer, poet and folklore researcher Kuzebai Gerd (1898 - 1937). At the end of the 1920s he participated in folklore expeditions to the territory of contemporary Udmurt Republic and used the Edison phonograph with wax cylinders.

The endangered archive material is now housed in the phonogram archive of the Udmurt Institute for History, Language and Literature and copies are made available for researchers elsewhere. These collections include songs, narrations, prayers and incantations devoted to different events. In total there are 2,560 performers presenting 8 regions of the Russian Federation: Udmurt Republic, Republic of Tatarstan (former Tatar Republic), Republic of Bashkortostan (former Bashkir Republic), Republic of Mari-El (former Mari Republic), Kirovsky Region, Permsky Krai (Area) (former Permsky Region), Krasnoyarsky Krai (Area), Tomsky Region, Tyumensky Region. 143 collectors, mainly from the Udmurt Institute and the Udmurt State University, participated in the expeditions. In the sound collections of the Udmurt Institute nine languages are represented: Udmurt, Mari, Hungarian (Finno-Ugric family of languages); Tatar, Bashkir (Turkic family of languages); Russian, Ukrainian, Belorussian, German (Indo-European family of languages).

More can be read about this project in the open access article: The use of sound archives for the investigation, teaching and safeguarding of endangered languages in Russia, published in the EAP anniversary publication From Dust to Digital. The article can also be downloaded as a PDF (432KB).
Originele taal-2Miscellaneous
StatusGepubliceerd - okt. 2016

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